AskDefine | Define propylene

Dictionary Definition

propylene n : a flammable gas obtained by cracking petroleum; used in organic synthesis [syn: propene]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Noun

  1. The common name for the organic chemical compound propene. An alkene which is a colorless gaseous (at room temperature and pressure) hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C3H6.

Synonyms

Translations

organic compound of the formula C3H6
  • Dutch: propeen
  • Greek: προπυλένιο

Extensive Definition

Propene, also known as propylene, is an unsaturated hydrocarbon having the chemical formula C3H6. It is the second simplest member of the alkene class of hydrocarbons, ethylene (ethene) being the simplest.
Propene is a colourless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. It is also odourless, so (as with most other gaseous hydrocarbons) it is mixed with minute quantites of mercaptans, sulfurous compounds with a powerful garlic smell to make it more easily detectable. It is found in coal gas and can be synthesized by cracking petroleum or by the dehydrogenation of propane. Propene is a major commodity in the petrochemicals industry, where its main use is as a monomer in production of polypropylene. It is also an intermediate in the production of various chemicals including acetone, isopropanol, acrylonitrile, and propylene oxide. Propene is also used as a fuel gas for various industrial processes. It has a similar calorific value to propane, but a lower mass of combustion products, so it has a higher flame temperature. Propylene also has significantly higher vapour pressure than propane at room temperature.

References

propylene in Arabic: بروبيلين
propylene in Catalan: Propè
propylene in Czech: Propen
propylene in German: Propen
propylene in Modern Greek (1453-): Προπένιο
propylene in Spanish: Propeno
propylene in Esperanto: Propileno
propylene in French: Propylène
propylene in Korean: 프로펜
propylene in Italian: Propene
propylene in Latin: Propenum
propylene in Latvian: Propēns
propylene in Lithuanian: Propilenas
propylene in Dutch: Propeen
propylene in Japanese: プロピレン
propylene in Norwegian: Propen
propylene in Polish: Propen
propylene in Portuguese: Propileno
propylene in Russian: Пропилен
propylene in Serbian: Пропен
propylene in Serbo-Croatian: Propen
propylene in Finnish: Propeeni
propylene in Swedish: Propen
propylene in Chinese: 丙烯
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